In vitro fertilization in Turkey when husbands despair of the possibility of a natural pregnancy and are considering in vitro fertilization, it brings them one step closer to conceiving a child. And if you have not had a baby yet, there are things you must know before having an IVF procedure.
Doing the IVF means entering a psychological, emotional and financial experience that is not simple, and it will definitely affect all aspects of your life and your husband, and listening to those who went through the experience or the specialist doctors may make you more aware of all aspects of the process.
In Vitro fertilization in Turkey
The world knew this expression for the first time in 1978 when the girl “Louis Brown” was born, the first in vitro fertilization in the world. In this way, it was possible to overcome some obstacles that prevent pregnancy in women, such as cases of blockage of the fallopian tube or weak sperm in a man.
And the child is resorted to the test tube or crucible in cases where natural fertilization of the egg inside the womb is not possible due to poor sperm or problems in the uterus.
What do we mean by the process of IVF
It is the fertilization of the egg with the sperm in the test tubes, after taking the mature eggs from the ovary, to be placed with the good sperm after washing them only until fertilization occurs, then the fertilized egg is returned to the mother. This process takes from two to five days, and this method gives the best choice for choosing embryos.
This procedure is performed to treat various sterility problems, which include:
- Age of women
- Damage or blockage of the tubes (which may result from infectious diseases in the pelvic area or after fertility treatments in the past), endometriosis
- Inability to conceive without reasons that explain it
- Male fertility problems, which include low sperm count or blockages
IVF process steps
The IVF process in Turkey goes through five stages, which are:
The first stage: stimulating or stimulating the ovaries to produce eggs, also called over ovulation.
Special medications called fertility drugs are given to women to stimulate the ovaries to produce eggs. Usually a woman produces one egg every month.
Fertility drugs cause the ovaries to produce a number of eggs at the same time. During this stage, the eggs in the ovaries of the woman are monitored through a transvaginal ultrasound examination. In addition to her blood tests to check her hormone level.
The second stage: egg retrieval
A simple surgical procedure called follicle extraction, which is performed with the aim of retrieving eggs from a woman’s body. It is usually performed as part of a woman’s one-day stay in an outpatient or in a doctor’s office. The woman receives anesthesia so that she does not feel pain while undergoing this procedure.
Using an ultrasound examination, the doctor inserts a long, fine needle through the vagina into the ovaries, a time, and then into the follicle that contains the eggs. The needle is connected to a suction device, which draws the eggs and fluid from each follicle, drawing out one egg at a time. This procedure is performed later in the second ovary as well. A woman may have cramps, but they usually disappear after one day. In some rare cases, there may be a laparoscopic surgery to withdraw the eggs.
If a woman is unable to produce eggs, she can use the eggs that were donated by other women.
The third stage: fertilization and fertilization
The sperm that was taken from the man, along with the highest quality eggs that were withdrawn from the woman’s body, are inserted into a cell located in a controlled environment, and the process is called collecting sperm with the egg.
Insemination process: The sperm “insemination” usually enters the egg within a few hours after fertilization.
If the doctor thinks that fertilization possibilities are low, the chosen staff may artificially insert sperm directly into the egg, and this process is called intracytoplasmic sperm injection
Most in vitro fertilization treatment (IVF) programs perform intracytoplasmic sperm injection as part of routine egg fertilization procedures, even if no problems are to be expected.
Fourth stage: early development of the fetus
When a fertilized egg begins dividing, it becomes an embryo.
The laboratory staff checks the embryo regularly to make sure that it is dividing as expected. After about five days, a healthy embryo is one that has a number of cells that continue dividing effectively.
In cases where the possibility of transmitting certain syndromes on a “genetic basis” to the fetus has been diagnosed, a genetic diagnosis may be made before implantation and performed before the embryo returns to the woman’s body. This procedure is performed about 3 to 4 days after fertilization. The laboratory staff removes one cell from each fetus and performs a detailed screening examination to diagnose specific genetic disorders.
According to the American Society of Fertility Medicine, diagnosing genetic problems for parents helps in making decisions about which embryos they choose to return to the uterus, thus reducing their risk of having a child from whom he inherited certain genetic syndromes. It is worth noting that this method is not followed in all medical centers because it is controversial.
Fifth stage: embryo transfer
The embryos are returned to the woman’s uterus after approximately 3 to 5 days, from the moment the eggs are removed and the fertilization process is carried out. Eggs are returned in the doctor’s office, and the woman is fully conscious.
The doctor inserts a long, thin “catheter” containing the embryos through the vagina and into the uterus.
In the event that the fetus implants into the uterine wall and continues to grow, the result is pregnancy.
More than one embryo is returned to the woman’s uterus, and this may lead to the occurrence of multiple fetuses: twins – triplets and more.
The exact amount of embryos that must be returned to a woman’s uterus is a complex issue. Which relates to several factors, one of which is the age of the woman.
Embryos that are not returned to the uterus are preserved by freezing for later use for the donation process.
When do we recommend IVF?
Today IVF can be used to treat infertility that appears due to various reasons:
- Blockage of one or two uterine tubes in a woman
- Disturbance in the ovulation process
- Infertility for unknown reasons
- The wife’s infection with endometriosis
- The presence of antibodies in the cervix against sperm
- Ovarian weakness or low female ovarian reserve for reasons such as early menopause or cancer
- Reasons specific to the man, such as lack of sperm. Weak excitement or abnormal semen shape
What is the success rate of In Vitro fertilization in Turkey?
The success rates of IVF depend on a number of factors, including the cause of infertility, the location of the procedure, and your lifestyle.
The success rates vary in general according to the age of the woman because as she gets older, the success rates decrease.
Here are the success rates of IVF and live births after egg retrieval, according to the ages of women:
- For those under the age of 35, the percentage of live births per egg is 54.4%.
- For those aged between 35 and 37, the percentage of live births per egg is 42%.
- For those aged between 41 and 42 years, the percentage of live births per egg is 13.3%
- As for women aged 43 and over, the percentage is approximately 3.9%
11 tips for a successful In Vitro fertilization in Turkey
Find a trusted center
Choosing a good IVF center is essential to improving the chances of pregnancy. Clinics differ based on the skills of the technicians who work in it and the conditions in which the fetus is developing.
Choose a list of the best clinics according to the board certificate of doctors and how many successful pregnancies there are in these centers.
Avoid ejaculation to increase sperm count
The husband must abstain from ejaculation for a period of three to four days before donating sperm. Abstaining from sexual intercourse will increase the number of sperms and thus increase the chances of successful fertilization in the laboratory
Eat a lot of good fats
According to recent studies from Harvard University, eating foods rich in monounsaturated fats helps women who are trying to conceive through in vitro fertilization, such as avocados, nuts, seeds, sunflower oil and olive oil.
Meditation and de-stressing
Stress negatively affects the reproductive system and reduces the chances of success of the operation, so you must find daily time to get rid of stress
Avoid foods with a high glycemic index, alcohol and caffeine
The lower the GI, or blood sugar, the slower its digestion, which ensures a steady and gradual supply of energy. Legumes, grains, low-fat dairy products, broccoli, sweet potatoes and mushrooms are some of the foods in this category.
Talk to a counselor
IVF treatment can affect your mental health, so be prepared for severe emotional ups and downs by talking to your counselor.
Avoid strenuous or strenuous exercise
Try not to be hard on yourself before and during the IVF procedure and choose light exercises such as walking, yoga or swimming because strenuous exercises can lead to failure of implantation and pregnancy loss.
Get adequate sleep
You must have a normal sleep cycle for at least two weeks before the date of the operation, make sure that you get at least 8 hours of sleep per day.
Maintain a healthy weight
Body mass index (BMI) affects the chances of a successful operation, as excess weight makes pregnancy difficult or may lead to complications from this procedure.
Where smoking affects the quality of eggs and sperm
Take supplements prescribed by your doctor
The cost of In Vitro fertilization in Turkey
The average cost of IVF in the world is approximately $ 12,000, which is a relatively high price for people who are looking for effective ways to treat infertility and conceive children, but in general this cost is considered comprehensive for many procedures that overlap within one large operation.
The cost of IVF in some emerging countries in the field of artificial insemination, such as Turkey, is much lower, reaching 3000 dollars in Turkey, while it can reach about 50,000 dollars and perhaps more in countries such as England, the United States of America and France.
The cost in Kuwait is approximately 11,000 riyals, while in Jordan it is between 6000 and 15,000 dollars, and the costs include consultations, husband and wife tests, as well as drugs needed to stimulate the ovaries and basic hormones.